2011 japan earthquake。 Japan Earthquake

Magnitude 7.3 earthquake strikes near site of Fukushima nuclear disaster in Japan

😃on the was obliterated save for its platform; 62 of 70 31 of 35 JR East train lines suffered damage to some degree; in the worst-hit areas, 23 stations on 7 lines were washed away, with damage or loss of track in 680 locations and the 30-km radius around the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant unable to be assessed. In 2001 it was reckoned that there was a high likelihood of a large tsunami hitting the Sendai plain as more than 1,100 years had then elapsed. The electrical power and backup generators were overwhelmed by the tsunami, and the plant lost its cooling capabilities. The plant was shut down as a precaution. Damage to the antenna of The of the seismic waves from the earthquake was calculated to be 1. At least 101 designated tsunami evacuation sites were hit by the wave. , Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine at the Columbia University Medical Center and affiliated faculty member of the National Center for Disaster Preparedness, conducts a lecture on the situation in Japan following the tsunami and earthquake. The GPS station located nearest the epicenter moved almost 4 m 13 ft. This is the deadliest tsunami since the 2004 magnitude 9. In the immediate vicinity of a nuclear accident, public health authorities would recommend protective use of potassium iodide, especially for children. In , the seismic waves from the earthquake were reported to have caused the to slip by about 0. Immediately after the earthquake cellular communication was jammed across much of Japan due to a surge of network activity. 2 metres 14 ft Many areas were also affected by waves of 1 to 3 metres 3 ft 3 in to 9 ft 10 in in height, and the JMA bulletin also included the caveat that "At some parts of the coasts, tsunamis may be higher than those observed at the observation sites. Gross said that, in theory, anything that redistributes Earth's mass will change Earth's rotation. Archived from on 14 April 2011. The active San Andreas fault runs through California and causes regular earthquakes, while the warm waters transported by the Gulf Stream can intensify a storm heading for South Carolina. Because the plate boundary and in the area of the Honshu rupture is not very straight, it is unusual for the magnitude of its earthquake to exceed 8. Run up height, port of area — 24 metres 79 ft• Residents of Sendai had only eight to ten minutes of warning, and more than a hundred evacuation sites were washed away. The earthquake shifted Earth on its axis of rotation by redistributing mass, like putting a dent in a spinning top. His body was found on 2 April 2011 along Ocean Beach in , Oregon, 530 km 330 mi to the north. The great majority of those killed were drowning victims of the tsunami waves. It could take months or years to learn how damaging the release of dangerous isotopes has been to human health and food supplies, and to the surrounding countryside. Port of — 9. The public and other companies were also encouraged to conserve electricity in the 2011 summer months. KI is relatively quite safe, but in order to be effective it must be administered just before or within hours of exposure to the radioactive version of this element. One man was killed in , , Indonesia after being swept out to sea. He is also a Professor of Nursing and Public Health, Columbia University. The early estimate of magnitude 8. " Checks were still being carried out to determine the number injured, he said, urging people not to venture outdoors and to be prepared for aftershocks. Land subsidence and soil liquefaction at in , near The reported land based on the height of in the area measured by as compared to their previous values from 14 April 2011. Japan's scientists had forecast a smaller earthquake would strike the northern region of Honshu, the country's main island. Four trains on coastal lines were reported as being out of contact with operators; one, a four-car train on the , was found to have derailed, and its occupants were rescued shortly after 8 am the next morning. 15:21 JST — — 4 metres 13 ft or higher• A 400-kilometre 250 mi stretch of coastline dropped vertically by 0. However, potassium iodide does not protect against other toxic effects of radiation. Most were restored to operating condition by 18 April 2012. Eleven airliners bound for Narita were diverted to nearby. readiness for the possibility of a catastrophic nuclear power plant accident and to underscore the particular failure to protect children by appropriate availability of potassium iodide KI needed to prevent cancer in those who could be exposed to a radioactive iodine. 5 metres 11 ft• The earthquake produced a low-frequency rumble called infrasound, which traveled into space and was detected by the Goce satellite. That initial quake was immediately followed by the horrifying specter of a 30-foot-high tsunami that wiped out lives and communities, causing an enormous evacuation of hundreds of thousands of survivors to inland shelters. This led to near-paralysis within the capital, with long lines at train stations and many people unable to come to work or get home. The March 11 temblor was felt as far away as , Russia; , Taiwan; and , China. Their citizens understand the risks and practice the proper responses. Buildings destroyed by the tsunami released thousands of tons of ozone-destroying chemicals and greenhouse gases into the air. These include Sendai 4, New-Sendai 1 and 2, Haranomachi 1 and 2, Hirono 2 and 4 and Hitachinaka 1. said, "In the 65 years after the end of World War II, this is the toughest and the most difficult crisis for Japan. A man who is said to have been attempting to photograph the oncoming tsunami at the mouth of the , south of , was swept out to sea. Miyagi prefecture suffered the greatest losses, with some 10,800 killed or missing and another 4,100 injured. Large stretches of land were left submerged under seawater, particularly in lower-lying areas. It is the active thyroid glands of growing humans that rapidly absorb radioactive iodine which, once there, can result in significant increases in thyroid cancer later in life. 6 2011-04-15, by okayasu Akio 岡安 章夫 18 April 2011 at the• , applied a complex model to perform a preliminary theoretical calculation of how the Japan earthquake-the fifth largest since 1900-affected Earth's rotation. Accessible across all of today's devices: phones, tablets, and desktops. And this critical goal must include comprehensible, feasible, tested and publically acceptable plans to make sure that no child is without immediate access to KI if and when the need arises. The most severe effects of the tsunami were felt along a 670-kilometre-long 420 mi stretch of coastline from , in the north to , in the south, with most of the destruction in that area occurring in the hour following the earthquake. This earthquake occurred where the is under the plate beneath northern Honshu. 9 ft wave completely submerged 's reef inlets and Spit Island, killing more than 110,000 nesting at the. Thousands of lives were lost and entire towns were devastated. , director of Nuclear Nation notes that "when the overseas media was calling Fukushima a ',' the Japanese government and media waited two months before admitting it. 3 metres 21 ft• play-button-icon:after,fbs-video. Without ventilation, gas accumulated within the reactor containment structures and eventually exploded. 8 ft surge which arrived 20 hours after the earthquake, after the tsunami warning had been lifted. The Pacific plate, which moves at a rate of 8 to 9 cm 3. Fishing equipment was scattered on the high cliff above the bay. In this national crisis, the Japanese government provided JSL interpreting at the press conferences related to the earthquake and tsunami. Port of — 8—9 metres 26—30 ft• lost three of its four external power lines and temporarily lost cooling function in its spent fuel pools for "20 to 80 minutes". Interactives Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. "These changes in Earth's rotation are perfectly natural and happen all the time," he said. But Japan's one-two punch proved especially devastating for the earthquake-savvy country, because few scientists had predicted the country would experience such a large earthquake and tsunami. This resulted in an underestimation of the tsunami's height in initial reports. Nearly two years later, on December 7, 2012, a magnitude-7. The earthquake also generated infrasound waves detected by perturbations in the orbit of the satellite, which thus became the first seismograph in orbit. Warnings were issued and evacuations were carried out in many countries bordering the Pacific. The expected electricity crisis in 2011 summer was successfully prevented thanks to all the setsuden measures. The earthquake triggered tsunami warnings throughout the Pacific basin. At this time Japan's Disaster Management Office Naikakufu Bosai Keikaku published a bi-lingual guide in Japanese and English, Disaster Management in Japan, to outline the several varieties of natural disaster and the preparations being made for the eventuality of each. One elementary school in , Okawa Elementary, lost 74 of 108 students and 10 of 13 teachers and staff. Kepco could not share electricity, because its system operated at 60 hertz, whereas TEPCO and TEP operate their systems at 50 hertz; the disparity is due to early industrial and infrastructure development in the 1880s that left Japan without a unified national. By 21 March 2011, this number fell to 1. Compare the human lives lost in Sumatra and Japan. Currently, there are 105 operating nuclear reactors at 65 sites throughout the United States. Text Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our. 6 ft high, compared with an estimated wave height of 38. Stone monuments at the UNESCO : were toppled. The damaged buildings included 29,500 structures in Miyagi Prefecture, 12,500 in Iwate Prefecture and 2,400 in Fukushima Prefecture. Twenty thousand stranded visitors spent the night of 11—12 March inside. is that on March 10, one day prior to the record-breaking earthquake, Japan was considered to be the most prepared nation on the planet, especially when it came to earthquakes and tsunamis. Such discrepancies in the warning were attributed by the JMA to the system's inability to distinguish between two different earthquakes that happened at around same time, as well as to the reduced number of reporting seismometers due to power outages and connection fails. The Japan Digital Archive is presented in English and Japanese and is hosted at the Reischauer Institute of Japanese Studies at in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The shaking lasted about six minutes. Major railways began running trains at 10—20 minute intervals, rather than the usual 3—5 minute intervals, operating some lines only at rush hour and completely shutting down others; notably, the , , and were all stopped for the day. 5 M w; the magnitude of this earthquake was a surprise to some seismologists. Kato said the plant was being inspected but there was "no concern of a damage-causing tsunami" and "no anomalies" had been reported at the site. The quake caused widespread damage on land and triggered a series of large waves that devastated many coastal areas of Japan, most notably northeastern Honshu. Richard Garfield, DrPH, is an expert on needs assessments in humanitarian crises and monitoring humanitarian recovery. Nor did they expect such a large tsunami. All 15 ports reopened to limited ship traffic by 29 March 2011. evacuated 11,000 residents from coastal areas of the. In addition to the thousands of destroyed homes, businesses, roads, and railways, the tsunami caused the meltdown of three s at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear. 75em;color: 4d4d4d;line-height:1. The Tohoku earthquake caused a. On 7 December 2012 a caused a minor tsunami, and again on 26 October 2013 a small tsunami was recorded after a 7. 9 metres 124 ft up the slope of a mountain some 200 metres 660 ft away from the. 875em;display:-webkit-inline-box;display:-webkit-inline-flex;display:-ms-inline-flexbox;display:inline-flex;-webkit-box-align:center;-webkit-align-items:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;-webkit-box-pack:center;-webkit-justify-content:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;font-weight:700;-webkit-border-radius:5px;border-radius:5px;cursor:pointer;line-height:1;border:none;-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box;-webkit-transition:all. It was not as bad as the , but worse than the. 4 M JMA, while the lowered it to 7. Fukushima became synonymous with when the area was hit by a 9. In the updated system, for a powerful earthquake that is capable of causing the JMA magnitude scale to saturate, no quantitative prediction will be released in the initial warning; instead, there will be words that describe the situation's emergency. While they can often be predicted, the loss of life and property take an emotional and economic toll on the community impacted. However, the strong quake had exceeded the measurement limit of all of the within Japan, and thus it was impossible to calculate the moment magnitude based on data from those seismometers. The Japanese government continued to ask the public to conserve electricity until 2016, when it is predicted that the supply will be sufficient to meet demand, thanks to the deepening of the mindset to conserve electricity among corporate and general public, addition of new electricity providers due to the policy, increased output from renewable energy as well as fossil fuel power stations, as well as sharing of electricity between different electricity companies. vjs-big-play-button:after,fbs-video. The loss of electrical power halted cooling systems, causing heat to build up. In Chile, some 11,000 miles 17,000 km distant, the tsunami was 6. It was preceded by several foreshocks, including a magnitude-7. 8 litres" of radioactive water also occurred at Onagawa following the aftershock. Second, our children are not adequately protected. Officials from the Japanese reported that radiation levels inside the plant were up to 1,000 times normal levels, and that radiation levels outside the plant were up to eight times normal levels. The city of , , suffered extensive damage from the tsunami, with almost the entirety of the lower area of the city being destroyed. Most of these deaths occurred during the first six months after the earthquake and the number dropped thereafter, but as time has passed, the number has continued to increase. Ship and crane damage at Sendai port All of Japan's ports were briefly shut down after the earthquake, though the ones in Tokyo and southwards soon re-opened. Finally, some 18 hours after the quake, waves roughly 1 foot 0. from the original on 7 April 2011. For more information on potassium iodide. The aftershock on 7 April caused the loss of external power to Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant and Higashidori Nuclear Power Plant but backup generators were functional. A report by the , published in on 2 December 2011, concluded that the seabed in the area between the epicenter and the moved 50 metres 160 ft east-southeast and rose about 7 metres 23 ft as a result of the quake. Fifteen ports were located in the disaster zone. Of the 13,135 fatalities recovered by 11 April 2011, 12,143 or 92. Cargo contained yellowtail jack fish, a species that lives off the coast of Japan, still alive. However, other estimates gave a final toll of at least 20,000. The axial shift was caused by the redistribution of mass on the Earth's surface, which changed the planet's. An analyst estimates that consumption of various types of oil may increase by as much as 300,000 barrels 48,000 m 3 per day as well as LNG , as back-up power plants burning try to compensate for the loss of 11 GW of Japan's nuclear power capacity. As of March 2012, the Japanese government had recognized 1,331 deaths as indirectly related to the earthquake, such as caused by harsh living conditions after the disaster. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. Nearby , built mostly on reclaimed land, was not damaged. data from the quake have been used to create a model for compared to seismic models, as gravity fields travel faster than seismic waves. Scientists from around the world descended on Japan following the earthquake and tsunami. is a fossil that forms when silica replaces and infills the cavities of wood. 7-metre tsunami waves struck the coasts of and in. It should noted that these are the very same issues which need to be incorporated in the disaster planning for any nation, including the U. To help alleviate the shortage, three steel manufacturers in the Kanto region contributed electricity produced by their in-house conventional power stations to TEPCO for distribution to the general public. When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource. As the floodwaters retreated back to the sea, they carried with them enormous quantities of debris, as well as thousands of victims caught in the. Japan The issued by the was the most serious on its warning scale; it was rated as a "major tsunami", being at least 3 metres 9. 29 metres 11 in Scientists say that the subsidence is permanent. 0 M w and several of which have been over magnitude 7. A wave measuring some 33 feet high inundated the coast and flooded parts of the city of , including its airport and the surrounding countryside. 8 earthquake in Chile, Gross estimated the Chile quake should have shortened the length of day by about 1. While the water has been treated to remove most of the dangerous radioactive components, traces of tritium remain. 2 metres 10 ft or higher• Port of — 5 metres 16 ft• The quake caused no injuries and little damage. 1 metres 13 ft or higher• was evident in areas of around Tokyo, particularly in , , , all in and in the , , , , and Wards of Tokyo. Media If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. The tsunami also caused a major nuclear accident at a power station along the Pacific coast. Fukushima radiation comparison to other incidents and standards, with graph of recorded radiation levels and specific accident events. Analysis showed that this earthquake consisted of a set of three events. Some other South Pacific countries, including and New Zealand, and US territories and , experienced larger-than-normal waves, but did not report any major damage. According to a special committee on disaster prevention designated by the Japanese government, the tsunami protection policy had been intended to deal with only tsunamis that had been scientifically proved to occur repeatedly. Several hours later 9-foot 2. The large number of views made the video one of the most popular examples of sonification on the web. key-facts-element:last-of-type,. Information on the condition of collections held by museums, libraries and archives is still incomplete. animate-line:not :last-of-type :after,. timeline-element:last-of-type,. A similar calculation performed after the 2004 magnitude 9. The Japanese Foreign Ministry confirmed the deaths of nineteen foreigners. In some places the water reached several miles inland. Oftentimes there are interventions that can reduce or soften some of these mental health effects. offshore of northern — 6 metres 20 ft On 25 March 2011, Port and Airport Research Institute PARI reported tsunami height by visiting the port sites as follows: animation of the tsunami's propagation• With damage to so many power plants, it was feared it might be years before a long-term solution could be found. Noted individual fatalities within Japan included 104-year-old , holder of the world athletics records in the men's shot put, discus throw and javelin throw for the over-100 age category. Chile's Pacific coast, one of the furthest from Japan at about 17,000 kilometres 11,000 mi away, was struck by waves 2 metres 6. Of the total confirmed victims, 14,308 drowned, 667 were crushed to death or died from internal injuries, and 145 perished from burns. Preparedness for Catastrophic Nuclear Power Plant Accidents and the U. Damage caused by the tsunami led to a meltdown in reactor cores at the plant, which caused significant levels of radiation to be released from the facility. Archived from on 7 April 2011. broadcast live feeds of NHK, , , , , , , , and on the Internet starting on 12 March 2011. In a disaster setting, when rescue efforts may be significantly hampered by access issues, overwhelming numbers of patients, and severely disrupted facilities, this survival window may extend to 72 hours. Its epicenter was underwater, 66 km 41 mi off the coast of Sendai. At , the tsunami reached a height of 37. People in Japan also received texted alerts of the earthquake and tsunami warnings on their cellphones. Video footage of the towns that were worst affected shows little more than piles of rubble, with almost no parts of any structures left standing. The earthquake was caused by the rupture of a stretch of the associated with the , which separates the from the subducting. 15:20 JST — — 3. Four dams within the quake area were unreachable. Also, following the earthquake, for the first time in Japanese history, the Emperor addressed the nation in a pre-recorded television broadcast. Also largely destroyed was , where the tsunami was three stories high. began on 14 March due to power shortages caused by the earthquake. These indirect casualties have already resulted in more deaths than the number of people killed directly by earthquake and tsunami within the Fukushima prefecture. from the original on 12 March 2011. Radioactive caesium, iodine, and strontium were also detected in the soil in some places in Fukushima. His discussion focuses on the damage at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant as well as the implications of the catastrophe on radiation preparedness efforts in the U. You cannot download interactives. Wind power None of , totaling over 2300 MW in , failed as a result of the earthquake and tsunami, including the Kamisu offshore wind farm directly hit by the tsunami. As of the end of May 2011, residents of Iwate, Miyagi, and Fukushima prefectures had requested deregistration of 15,000 vehicles, meaning that the owners of those vehicles were writing them off as unrepairable or unsalvageable. This deviation led to a number of small planetary changes, including the , the , and the. timeline-element:not :last-of-type :after,. 5 ;background-image:linear-gradient rgba 0,56,145,. A total of 125 km 2 48 sq mi; 31,000 acres of ice broke away. This is because the physical conditions in each place are different. Further information: The , , and , consisting of a total eleven reactors, were following the earthquake. A new, third level of content, designed specially to meet the advanced needs of the sophisticated scholar. Water column height on 11 March 2011 at Station, 690 NM southeast of Tokyo The earthquake took place at 14:46 JST UTC 05:46 around 67 kilometres 42 mi from the nearest point on Japan's coastline, and initial estimates indicated the tsunami would have taken 10 to 30 minutes to reach the areas first affected, and then areas farther north and south based on the geography of the coastline. As of April 2012, wreckage from the tsunami spread around the world, including a ball which was found in Alaska's and a Japanese motorcycle found in British Columbia, Canada. com are two unusual types of lava found at Kilauea and other volcanoes. But assuring timely distribution and administration of potassium iodide to children about to be exposed or just exposed to radioactive iodine, I-131, is an essential step. 2011 , Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk, Vol. Republished from a March, 2011 press release by Alan Buris of. KI is not a general panacea for all things radioactive. also experienced liquefaction, but damage was minimal. " Nine days after the earthquake hit, a and were uploaded to allowing listeners to hear the earthquake as it unfolded in time. 9 trillion yen , according to the Japanese government. Warnings: Finding Cassandras to stop catastrophe. Archived from on 28 July 2011. The number 2 reactor at was shut down automatically. Estimates of the cost of the damage range well into the tens of billions of ; before-and-after photographs of devastated regions show immense damage to many regions. Additional resources• Other nationwide Japanese and international TV networks also broadcast uninterrupted coverage of the disaster. By 9:30 UTC on 11 March 2011, , which was previously used in the , , and earthquakes, was collecting information about survivors and their locations. Following the main earthquake on 11 March, a 7. RELATED TRAINING RESOURCES Dr. Navy photo The earthquake and tsunami The magnitude-9. It was the most powerful , and the since modern record-keeping began in 1900. The 11 March 2011, magnitude 9. The blaze was in a building housing the turbine, which is sited separately from the plant's reactor, and was soon extinguished. 3 feet over the course of a year, or about six times more than the change that should have been caused by the Japan quake. As of 16 March 2012 aftershocks continued, totaling 1887 events over magnitude 4. Several hotspot providers reacted to the quake by providing free access to their networks, and some American telecommunications and companies such as , , , and VoIP companies such as and have offered free calls to and in some cases, from Japan for a limited time, as did Germany's. The warning system was supposed to be updated about 15 minutes after the earthquake occurred, by which time the calculation for the would normally be completed.。 。 。

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